October 18, 2018
4 min read
Cannabis 101: Edibles – A Beginner’s Guide
Edibles are a delicious way to enjoy cannabis products without having to smoke or vape plant matter. Edibles are made from the extracted essential oils from the cannabis plant, combined with foodstuffs to create a wide variety of infused products. Whether you’re looking for something sweet, something savory, or even something homemade, you’re sure to find the perfect product.
To understand more about how edibles will affect you, it’s important to know about bioavailability, which is a fancy word for how your body processes different edibles. Specifically, it means “the degree and rate at which an administered drug is absorbed by the body’s circulatory system.” This will be different for everyone, as all of our bodies are different. Here are just some of the factors that alter bioavailability:
- Food and drug interactions
- The health of your gastrointestinal tract
- Sleep patterns
There are two main types of edibles, and sampling both will help you know which is best for you.
First, there’s gastrointestinal absorption, where the infused products are broken down and absorbed through the intestinal tract. Many of the cookies and drinks and dried fruit edibles are gastrointestinally absorbed, meaning you have to chew and swallow these foods to introduce them into your system through the gut. These edibles usually have a slower onset of effects due to the time it takes for them to pass through your intestinal linings.
Second, there’s sublingual absorption, where the infused product is absorbed directly into your bloodstream through your permeable oral cavity. These are products like oral sprays, lozenges or hard candies, and tinctures. Our mouth contains many permeable membranes, especially under the tongue, which is what makes sublingual absorption so effective and fast-acting. Oral sublingual absorption will deliver a quicker onset of effects versus gastrointestinal absorption.
Consult your Budtender to learn which edible products are sublingual and which are gastrointestinal. They’ll be able to direct you to the right products for your needs. Here’s a sampling of the many edibles you’ll find on dispensary shelves.
Infused drinks are very popular right now. They come in a variety of flavors and styles and can be both sublingually and gastrointestinally absorbed. Choose from fruity sweet drinks, to complex soda flavors, and even infused non-alcoholic beers and wines. Drink them straight up, over ice, or over ice cream. How does an infused root beer float sound? You can even find infused teas and coffees to start your day off right.
Tinctures are sublingual absorption and topical products and are among the most fast-acting and versatile edibles on the market. Not only can you ingest them orally, under the tongue is best, you can also apply them topically. Back pain or hand cramps? A few drops of Mary’s Medicinal applied directly to the problem area can offer considerable relief. Some women even apply tinctures to their feminine hygiene products to offer targeted menstrual symptom relief. You can also introduce tinctures into your own homemade foods, providing you with endless edible options.
Solids are any edible that is not in liquid form, including cookies, chocolates, dried foods, and a lot more. Solids compose the bulk of edibles on dispensary shelves, and you’ll find a huge selection. One of the most common solid edibles is infused chocolate. From dark to milk, with all kinds of mix-ins and flavors, chocolates are a sweet way to eat your cannabis. If sweets aren’t your thing, try some delicious infused beef jerky, dried fruit, or use tinctures to infuse your favorite foods at home.
SPRAYS AND INHALERS
Knowing that sublingual absorption is faster and can be more bioavailable, manufacturers are creating new edible products specifically designed for absorption through the palate. Oral sprays are highly condensed edibles that offer a quicker onset of effects, without having to consume foodstuffs. Many health-conscious consumers turn to sprays and inhalers to get the benefits of oral consumption, without all the extra sugars and calories.
Powders And Dissolvables
Like tinctures, powders and dissolvables offer the benefits of edibles on your dietary terms. Most dissolvables are flavorless and odorless, letting you introduce them into whatever product you prefer. Stir them into water for a zero-calorie edible option or sprinkle them into your famous chocolate chip cookie batter to make your own infused cookies. The possibilities are only limited by your imagination.
Is your mouth watering yet? Then get down to Oasis today and check out the delicious selection of edibles right now.
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Keep out of reach of children. For use only by adults ages 21 and over.